How to use QCA and SNA as a mixed method approach: an illustration using the social support network during retirement

Francisca Ortiz


The main objective of this presentation is to illustrated the application of mixed method research (with the combination of qualitative comparative analysis and social network analysis) to inform about the necessary and sufficient conditions for an older person being satisfied with their retirement. The research is from a mixed-methods approach. It used data collected during the fieldwork from October of 2019 until January of 2020 in Santiago of Chile. The researcher collected 30 life history cases of retired people in the capital of the country, from three different socioeconomic levels and equally divided by gender. For each case was constructed their social support networks using name generator technique of the present and in at least three different events in their lives. For the analysis, it was used the combination of a Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) with Social Network Analysis (SNA). Accordingly, it was demonstrated the useful consideration in the research of measures as constrain and IQV, the reciprocity of the relationships, and the multidimensionality of the social support ties, especially the incorporation of negative ties. Different types of data provided different types of information, which makes all of them complementary to get access into the whole picture of the topic studied. The dialogue between those kinds of data is one big benefices of mixed method research demonstrated here.

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